Bambino in fasce sopra il portale - Ospizio dei Trovatelli (F. Anichini) photogallery Bambino in fasce sopra il portale - Ospizio dei Trovatelli (F. Anichini)

The Foundlings’ Hospital (Ospizio dei Trovatelli) was built in 1315, following the battle of Montecatini. The building, annexed to the church of S. Giorgio dei Tedeschi, was originally called Ospedale della Pace e del Principe (Hospital of Peace and the Prince); it provided about twenty beds for the sick. In the early 14th century it became a foundlings’ hospital, in an attempt to put an end to the ancient widespread custom of abandoning newborn babies, and was dedicated to the Blessed Domenico Vernagalli, the 13th century founder of the first institute for abandoned newborn babies in Pisa (at that time annexed to the S. Michele in Borgo church). The change in function and name of the building are recorded in a Bull of Pope Martin V in 1419 and in an anonymous 17th century manuscript. At the end of the 17th century, after the health reform of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Toscany the Ospizio dei Trovatelli was annexed to the S. Chiara Hospital.
The Hospital was provided with a “wheel” that is, a revolving wooden drum with a grating, on the outer wall of the building in a window. The unwanted child placed here could be recovered from the inside of the window; the grating was to limit the number of children by preventing access to all but the newborn. The wheel was moved to its present position in 1921.
The original medieval facade was redesigned during the Renaissance. There is a carving of a baby in swaddling bands over the door.

Text compiled by the Società storica Pisana - (F. Anichini; trad. E. Hastings Philpott)
Last update 18/06/2013
Address: Via Santa Maria, 108, 56126 Pisa
Connected routes: Piazza dei Miracoli
Bibliography:

L. Trebbi, La «ruota» di via S. Maria a Pisa (1808-1814). Storie di infanzia abbandonata, ETS, Pisa 1997.

E. Rossi, L’Ospedale dei trovatelli e la Chiesa di S. Giorgio ai Tedeschi, Tipografia Comunale, Pisa s.d.

STILL IN THE ITINERARY PIAZZA DEI MIRACOLI

Palazzo Giuli-Rosselmini-Gualandi (Palazzo Blu) (Saliko, wikimediacommons) Palazzo Giuli-Rosselmini-Gualandi (Palazzo Blu) (Saliko, wikimediacommons)
In the 1300s, Palazzo Blu belonged to the Dell’Agnellos, an important family in the ...
read more
Ponte di Mezzo (Daderot, wikimediacommons) Ponte di Mezzo (Daderot, wikimediacommons)
The bridge was rebuilt after the war in reinforced concrete and faced in white stone ...
read more
Vista dall'alto - Piazza Garibaldi (www.tabaccheria21.net) Vista dall'alto - Piazza Garibaldi (www.tabaccheria21.net)
Facing on to this square are historically important buildings that defined social and ...
read more
Facciata, su piazza Garibaldi - Casino dei nobili (A. Sobrero) Facciata, su piazza Garibaldi - Casino dei nobili (A. Sobrero)
In the Tuscan language, from at least the 16th century the word “casino” meant a ...
read more
Facciata - Chiesa di San Michele in Borgo (Lucarelli, wikimediacommons) Facciata - Chiesa di San Michele in Borgo (Lucarelli, wikimediacommons)
The Church and monastery are first mentioned in 1016 as the adaptation of a ...
read more
Capitelli - Ex chiesa SS. Felice e Regolo (F. Anichini) Capitelli - Ex chiesa SS. Felice e Regolo (F. Anichini)
The small neogothic building on via Ulisse Dini includes the remains of the Church of ...
read more
Statua di Ulisse Dini - Via Ulisse Dini (G. Gattiglia) Statua di Ulisse Dini - Via Ulisse Dini (G. Gattiglia)
This street is named after the Pisan mathematician and Senator (1845-1918) whose ...
read more
Statua - Piazza dei Cavalieri (D. Tarantino) Statua - Piazza dei Cavalieri (D. Tarantino)
This square is the result of re-styling ordered by Cosimo I in 1558 and entrusted to ...
read more
Walking in the City

Ospizio dei Trovatelli, Foundlings Hospital

Bambino in fasce sopra il portale - Ospizio dei Trovatelli (F. Anichini)

The Foundlings’ Hospital (Ospizio dei Trovatelli) was built in 1315, following the battle of Montecatini. The building, annexed to the church of S. Giorgio dei Tedeschi, was originally called Ospedale della Pace e del Principe (Hospital of Peace and the Prince); it provided about twenty beds for the sick. In the early 14th century it became a foundlings’ hospital, in an attempt to put an end to the ancient widespread custom of abandoning newborn babies, and was dedicated to the Blessed Domenico Vernagalli, the 13th century founder of the first institute for abandoned newborn babies in Pisa (at that time annexed to the S. Michele in Borgo church). The change in function and name of the building are recorded in a Bull of Pope Martin V in 1419 and in an anonymous 17th century manuscript. At the end of the 17th century, after the health reform of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Toscany the Ospizio dei Trovatelli was annexed to the S. Chiara Hospital.
The Hospital was provided with a “wheel” that is, a revolving wooden drum with a grating, on the outer wall of the building in a window. The unwanted child placed here could be recovered from the inside of the window; the grating was to limit the number of children by preventing access to all but the newborn. The wheel was moved to its present position in 1921.
The original medieval facade was redesigned during the Renaissance. There is a carving of a baby in swaddling bands over the door.

Address:
Bibliography:

L. Trebbi, La «ruota» di via S. Maria a Pisa (1808-1814). Storie di infanzia abbandonata, ETS, Pisa 1997.

E. Rossi, L’Ospedale dei trovatelli e la Chiesa di S. Giorgio ai Tedeschi, Tipografia Comunale, Pisa s.d.

mappa

USEFUL INFORMATION

TipologiaTypology
HISTORICAL BUILDINGS
CondividiShare:
Google

TO EAT

RISTORANTE L'EUROPEO16m

177, Via Santa Maria - Pisa
Tel.: 050 560531

ANTICA TRATTORIA ANTONIETTA26m

Via Santa Maria, 179 - Pisa
Tel.: 050 561810

VALENZA GIOVANNA64m

Via Galli Tassi Angelo, 6 - Pisa
Tel.: 050 560660

VIEW ALL


TO SLEEP

WINDOW TO THE TOWER30m

Via Santa Maria, 165 - Pisa
Tel.: 333 4643062
E-mail: windowtothetower@gmail.com
Sito: www.windowtothetower.com

RELAIS I MIRACOLI40m

Via Santa Maria, 187 - Pisa
Tel.: 050 560572
E-mail: info@relaisimiracoli.it
Sito: www.relaisimiracoli.it

LOCANDA DEL TURISTA77m

Piazza Arcivescovado, angolo Via Corta - Pisa
Tel.: 050 560932
E-mail: info@ilturista.net

VIEW ALL